A mini-stroke (also known as transient ischemic attack) is a temporary loss of blood flow to the brain which causes stroke-like manifestations. However, unlike strokes, the symptoms experienced are temporary and fade away within a day. If you suspect you you’re having a mini-stroke, contact a GP right away. Getting a mini stroke treatment is important to avoid the risks of experiencing a stroke in future. Statistics show that 30% of the people who get mini-strokes end up getting strokes later in life.
Some of the symptoms that indicate you could be having a mini-stroke include dysphasia, dizziness, headaches, dysarthria, feeling faint or having difficulties balancing yourself.
Diagnosis of a mini stroke
Differentiating between a mini-stroke and a stroke is difficult since the symptoms are similar. Experiencing arm numbness, slurred speech or a droop on your face should serve as warning signs that you need fast medical attention.
Doctors evaluate your symptoms and then perform MR or CT scans to determine whether you are having a mini stroke or a stroke.
Mini stroke treatment options
There are several treatment alternatives available for mini-strokes as explained below.
Your physician may give you drugs that improve blood flow to your brain. Examples of these drugs may include anti-platelets and anticoagulants. These medications work to prevent your blood from clotting within the blood vessels which increases your risks of suffering a mini stroke or a stroke.
Another alternative is an invasive carotid surgery; a small surgical procedure that is performed to unclog clogged arteries. In cases where the condition is severe, you may require a surgery to remove fatty deposits within your arteries.
Conditions such as obesity, diabetes and atrial fibrillation increase your risk of experiencing a mini stroke. Smokers and alcoholics are also at a higher risk of a mini-stroke attack.
Lifestyle changes can greatly prevent and reduce your chances of a mini stroke. Exercising, dieting, eating more fruits and vegetables, resting enough and consuming less fatty foods are effective prevention methods.